Dr Razan Abbara has gained her certificate in the evolution of antibiotic resistance.

She had already completed an undergraduate degree in pharmacy and pharmacology and a master’s degree in immunology and haematology.

Dr Abbara applied to the Council for At-Risk Academics, which supports academics being forced to flee their homes.

It works with them to find temporary refuge in universities and research institutions until they can one day return.

Dr Abbara arrived at Kingston University in the autumn of 2019.